Second only to water, Green Tea is one of the most revered beverages that are trendy and health at present. A 0% oxidized product of the plant Camellia sinensis, green tea is contrary to oolong and black variety of teas.
What is Green Tea?
Sourcing its roots in 4000 Years Old China, green tea is scattered across the multifaceted culture of Asia. The steeping time and temperature of the water used describes the different tastes and varieties of green tea.
Green tea is cultivated by assembling the leaf, stem and the bud, which undergo steaming freshly and hand rolling to end up as over-the-counter green tea.
How to Brew Green Tea?
Containing about 3% to 4% caffeine, too much of green tea can result in the stereotypical restlessness from the same. When brewing your tea, there are three stages of color change. First, the water remains colorless which turns a bit olive after seeping the tea in hot water. Gradually, the leaves turn into a mint hue and taste rejuvenating!
The golden rule to brewing a good green tea is avoiding brewing it too long or too hot. This is because the green tea is loaded with astringents which are secreted, making the brew bitter. While coolest temperature to brew the green tea is at 87 0C, the hottest must be 87 0C.
What are the Types of Green Tea?
Green Tea has been produced by many nations across the world and the largest producer of Green Tea is China, Japan, India, Africa, Vietnam and Sri Lanka. Depending on the geography, elevation and environment, the taste and characteristics of green tea differ.
The powdered or stone ground type of tea in dark parakeet shade is known as Matcha. A vital part of Japan’s tea rituals, Matcha is also used in traditional Japanese confections.
A Japanese word that means ‘brown rice’, Genmaicha refers to the brown rice that is soaked, popped and roasted with any variety of tea leaf. The tea has low caffeine is perfect for kids and elderly.
The most popular beverage among green teas, Sencha is made by using a traditional tea processing method. Worker first collects the tea, which is steamed and rolled by hand.
A cleverly harvested plant, Kabusecha is covered with the red screen a week prior to collecting. This blocks sunlight from reaching the tea leaves tend to influence the plant to produce a darker shade of green. The lack of sunlight also reduces the astringency of the plant, making it richer in taste.
Used to prepare Matcha, Tencha is prepared by a similar screen method over its leaves. After steaming, the leaves are not rolled, but dried. Furthermore, the veins of leaves are separated from other grades to create matcha. Tencha leaves are covered for more time than that of Gyokuro.
Also known as sanbancha and nibancha, ichibanda is a type of green tea that comprises of the earliest plucked shoots of tea.
Covered of approximately 20 days prior to picking, Gyokuro is lighter than kabusecha, yet darker than Fukamushi sencha. The fragrance of seaweed is been compared to the Nori seaweed, which is the best characteristic of the tea.
Sencha Steamed 2x the Sencha steaming, Fukamushi Sencha is a green tea that is dusty and flavorful than most of its counterparts. The tea leaves do not contain any bitter flavor or astringency, unlike its counterparts. The star attraction of the tea is that, even though many of its components have trouble in dissolving, our body is capable of directly imbibing it.
Made from a mix of several types of tea including Sencha, Hojicha has a peculiar aromatic flavor. Hojicha is processed by heating the leaves at 200 0C and then, immediately cooled.
Popularly known as ‘the new tea’, owing to being the first pick of tea harvesting seasons, shincha is similar to ichinbanda. The nutrient packed first pick of tea leaves make shincha tea rejuvenating, revitalizing because of its tiny amount of caffeine and catechine.
Benefits of Green Tea?
Green tea is not cherished for its taste alone, but its aroma, rejuvenation and health boost. From preventing cancer to regulating bowel movements, today, green tea boats numerous benefits. History claims it as being used as local medicine since ancient times.
One of the sought after results of green tea is the weight loss benefits. Green tea helps to increase the metabolic rate of the human body by 4% according to studies. The reports vouch that fat regulation had a boost of 17% and physical performance to 11%.
The antioxidant nature of green tea helps to stop the undue growth of cancerous cells. The notable cancers that it prevents are that of the breast (28%), colorectal (57%) and prostate (48%).
Green tea helps to stop the degeneration of the brain and prevent noteworthy diseases like Alzheimer’s and dementia. Parkinson’s disease is yet another notable elderly health that green tea claims.
Killing multiple bacteria even in 6 oz, Green Tea is a strong boost to the immune system of a person. Studies report that it can kill influenza viruses as well as infectious diseases including plaques. Green Tea has also been noted for its prevention of tooth decay as well as bad breath or halitosis.
Type II Diabetes
The incapability to make insulin tends to be the main reaction of patients with diabetes. When green tea is ingested, the risk of diabetes was lowered by 42%. Green tea tends to react on a base level with the bodily glucose as well as the insulin sensitivity.
Increasing triglycerides is a notable function of green tea, in addition to the good cholesterol increase. Oxidizing nature of green tea lowers 31% of heart diseases too.
In Conclusion …
Studies also report that it reduces death by 23% in women and 12% in men.
A proven cure for concentration and other mental needs, Green Tea is also known to keep the brain buzzing with positivity and energy. The golden rule to keep in mind is that with the lack of freshness, the quality of green tea also decreases.